Hematuria evaluation

Blood in Urine (Hematuria)

symptoms, causes and when to see the doctor

Finding blood in your urine can be scary. There are many causes of Hematuria, and while many are not serious, the time to seek medical attention is the first time it happens. Don’t ignore even a small amount of blood. Call our office immediately for an appointment.

What causes Hematuria?

The most common cause of hematuria is a urinary tract infection. The infection can irritate the bladder wall to the point that it bleeds, and you will see blood in your urine.

Other causes include kidney stones, kidney tumors or bladder cancer. While it is uncommon, occasionally we find a bladder or kidney tumor as the source of bleeding. Obviously, the sooner that a tumor is found and treated, the better. Tumors in the kidney and bladder need to be removed surgically, and we have great, minimally invasive options to remove these tumors without a large incision.

Often we see patients for microscopic blood in the urine, detected by their primary care doctor. While this is not as serious, it still requires a complete panel of testing to determine the cause.

How does Dr. Christi evaluate Hematuria?

She will examine the entire urinary tract during your appointment. First, Dr. Christi looks at imaging of the kidneys with either a CT scan or a renal ultrasound. Next, an abdominal x-ray of the kidneys, ureters and bladder (KUB) is performed. The final part of the evaluation is a scope of the bladder, called a cystoscopy. It is a quick procedure, that includes numbing medicine, and the discomfort is as minimal as a pap smear. You can read more about cystoscopy and kidney stones here.

What are the treatment options?

Your treatment options will depend on your testing results. If a urinary tract infection is causing the Hematuria, then we will treat it with antibiotics, water and other measures of prevention. If we find a kidney stone, the treatment to eliminate the stone could be laser therapy or shock wave therapy, both of which are minimally invasive procedures.

Whatever the cause, it is very important to call our office 281.717.4003 at the first sign of blood in your urine. Our caring staff is here to help you.